Category Archives: DIDACHE and Psalms

Psalms 10-19

Read to appreciate the consistency of DIDACHE vocabulary regarding the ‘Two Ways’ of righteousness vs. lawlessness.

Psalm 10
(1)  Why do You stand afar off, O Jehovah? Will You hide in times of trouble?
(2)  The wicked in his pride persecutes the poor; let them be taken in the plans that they have imagined.
(3)  For the wicked boasts of his heart’s desire, and blesses the covetous whom Jehovah despises.
(4)  Through the pride of his face the wicked will not seek Him; There is no God in all his schemes.
(5)  His ways are always perverted; Your judgments are high, out of his sight. As for all his enemies, he puffs at them.
(6)  He has said in his heart, I shall not be moved; from generation to generation, never in evil!
(7)  His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud; under his tongue are mischief and vanity.
(8)  He sits in the hiding-places of the villages; in the secret places he murders the innocent. His eyes are secretly set against the poor.
(9)  He lies in wait secretly, like a lion in his den. He lies in wait to catch the poor; he catches the poor when he draws him into his net.
(10)  He crouches and bows, and the poor have fallen by his might.
(11)  He has said in his heart, God has forgotten; He hides His face; He will not see forever!
(12)  Arise, O Jehovah; O God, lift up Your hand; forget not the humble.
(13)  Why do the wicked condemn God? He has said in his heart, You will not judge.
(14)  You have seen it; for You behold mischief and vexation, to repay it with Your hand. The poor commits himself to You; You are the Helper of the fatherless.
(15)  Break the arm of the wicked and the evil one; seek out his wickedness, until You find none.
(16)  Jehovah is King forever and ever; the nations have perished out of His land.
(17)  Jehovah, You have heard the desire of the humble; You will prepare their heart, You will cause Your ear to hear,
(18)  to judge the fatherless and the oppressed, so that the man of the earth may no more terrify.

Psalm 11

(1)  To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. I put my trust in Jehovah; how can you say to me, Flee like a bird to the mountains;
(2)  for lo, the wicked bend their bow; they make ready their arrow on the string, so that they may secretly shoot at the upright in heart.
(3)  If the foundations are destroyed, what can the righteous do?
(4)  Jehovah is in His holy temple; Jehovah’s throne is in Heaven; His eyes behold, His eyelids examine the children of men.
(5)  Jehovah tries the righteous; but His soul hates the wicked and the one who loves violence,
(6)  On the wicked He shall rain snares, fire and brimstone; and a horrible tempest shall be the portion of their cup.
(7)  For the righteous Jehovah loves righteousness; His face looks on the upright.

Psalm 12

(1)  To the Chief Musician, on eight. A Psalm of David. Help, Jehovah, for the godly man ceases; for the faithful fail from among the sons of men.
(2)  They speak vanity each one with his neighbor; with flattering lips and a double heart they speak.
(3)  Jehovah shall cut off all flattering lips, the tongue that speaks proud things,
(4)  that has said, With our tongue we shall do much; our lips are our own; who is lord over us?
(5)  For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, I will now arise, says Jehovah. I will set in safety, he pants for it.
(6)  The Words of Jehovah are pure Words, like silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.
(7)  You shall keep them, O Jehovah, You shall preserve them from this generation forever.
(8)  The wicked walk on every side, when vileness is praised by the sons of men.

Psalm 13

(1)  To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. How long will You forget me, O Jehovah? Forever? How long will You hide Your face from me?
(2)  How long shall I take counsel in my heart having sorrow in my heart daily? How long shall my enemy be lifted up over me?
(3)  Look! Answer me, O Jehovah my God; enlighten my eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death,
(4)  lest my enemy say, I have overcome him, and my foes rejoice when I am shaken.
(5)  But I have trusted in Your mercy; my heart shall rejoice in Your salvation.
(6)  I will sing to Jehovah, because He has rewarded me.

Psalm 14

(1)  To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. The fool has said in his heart, There is no God! They acted corruptly; they have done abominable works, there is none who does good.
(2)  Jehovah looked down from Heaven on the sons of men, to see if there were any who understood and sought God.
(3)  All have gone aside, together they are filthy; there is none who does good, no, not one.
(4)  Have all the workers of iniquity not known, eating up My people as they eat bread? They have not called on Jehovah.
(5)  There they were in great fear; for God is in the generation of the righteous.
(6)  You have shamed the counsel of the poor, because Jehovah is his refuge.
(7)  Who will bring the salvation of Israel out of Zion? When Jehovah brings back the captivity of His people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.

Psalm 15

(1)  A Psalm of David. Jehovah, who shall dwell in Your tabernacle? Who shall dwell on Your holy hill?
(2)  He who walks uprightly, and works righteousness, and speaks the truth in his heart;
(3)  he does not backbite with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, nor takes up a reproach against his neighbor;
(4)  in whose eyes the reprobate is despised, but he honors those who fear Jehovah; he has sworn to his hurt, and does not change it;
(5)  he has not put out his money at interest, nor has he taken a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things shall not be moved forever.

Psalm 16

(1)  A Secret Treasure of David. Watch over me, O God; for in You do I put my trust.
(2)  Oh my soul, you have said to Jehovah, You are my Lord; I have no goodness apart from You.
(3)  As to the saints in the earth, they are the excellent, in whom is all my delight.
(4)  Their sorrows shall be multiplied who run after another god. I will not pour out their drink offerings of blood; and I will not take their names on my lips.
(5)  Jehovah is the portion of my inheritance, and of my cup; You shall uphold my lot.
(6)  The lines have fallen to me in pleasant places; yea, I have a beautiful inheritance.
(7)  I will bless Jehovah, who has given me wisdom; my heart also instructs me in the nights.
(8)  I have set Jehovah always before Me; because He is at My right hand, I shall not be moved.
(9)  Therefore My heart is glad, and My glory rejoices; My flesh also shall rest in hope;
(10)  For You will not leave My soul in hell; You will not allow Your Holy One to see corruption.
(11)  You will make Me know the way of life; in Your presence is fullness of joys. At Your right hand are pleasures forevermore.

Psalm 17

(1)  A Prayer of David. Hear the right, O Jehovah; listen to my cry; Give ear to my prayer, for it is not in lips of deceit.
(2)  Let my judgment go out from Your presence; let Your eyes behold uprightly.
(3)  You have proved my heart; You have visited me in the night; You have tried me, and You will find nothing; my thoughts do not pass beyond my mouth.
(4)  Concerning the works of men, by the Words of Your lips, I am kept from the paths of the destroyer.
(5)  My steps have been held in Your paths, so that my footsteps have not slipped.
(6)  I have called on You, for You will hear me, O God; bow down Your ear to me; hear my speech.
(7)  Set out Your wonderful loving-kindness, O Savior of those seeking refuge in You, by Your right hand, from those who rise up against me.
(8)  Keep me as the pupil, the daughter of the eye; hide me under the shadow of Your wings,
(9)  from the face of the wicked who strip me. Those against my soul, My foes, encircle me.
(10)  They are enclosed in their own fat; with their mouth they speak proudly,
(11)  they have now hemmed in our steps, they have set their eyes to bow me to the earth,
(12)  their likeness is like a lion that longs to tear, and like a young lion lurking in secret places.
(13)  Arise, O Jehovah, disappoint him, bow him down; deliver my soul from the wicked by Your sword,
(14)  from men by Your hand, O Jehovah, from men of the world whose portion is in this life, and whose belly You fill with Your treasure. They are satisfied with sons, and will leave their riches to their babes.
(15)  As for me, I will behold Your face in righteousness; when I awake, I shall be satisfied with Your image.

Psalm 18

(1)  To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David, the servant of Jehovah, who spoke to Jehovah the words of this song in the day that Jehovah delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul; and he said: I love You, O Jehovah, my strength.
(2)  Jehovah is my strength, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my rock; I will trust in Him; He is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower.
(3)  I will call on Jehovah, who is worthy to be praised; so shall I be saved from my enemies.
(4)  The sorrows of death hemmed me in, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.
(5)  The sorrows of hell surrounded me; the snares of death confronted me.
(6)  In my distress I called on Jehovah, and I cried to my God; He heard my voice out of His temple, and my cry came before Him, into His ears.
(7)  Then the earth shook and trembled; and the foundations of the hills moved and were shaken, because He was angry.
(8)  A smoke went up out of His nostrils, and fire devoured out of His mouth; coals were kindled by it.
(9)  And He bowed the heavens and came down, and darkness was under His feet.
(10)  And He rode on a cherub, and flew; yea, He soared on the wings of the wind.
(11)  He made darkness His secret place, His pavilion around Him, darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.
(12)  At the brightness before Him, His dark clouds passed through, hailstones and coals of fire passed.
(13)  Jehovah also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave forth His voice; hailstones and coals of fire.
(14)  Yea, He sent out His arrows and scattered them; and He shot out lightnings and crushed them.
(15)  Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were uncovered, at Your rebuke, O Jehovah, at the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.
(16)  He sent from above, He took me, He drew me out of many waters.
(17)  He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from those who hated me; for they were too strong for me.
(18)  They went before me in the day of my calamity; but Jehovah was my stay.
(19)  He brought me forth also into a large place; He delivered me because He delighted in me.
(20)  Jehovah rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands He has repaid me.
(21)  For I have kept the ways of Jehovah, and have not wickedly departed from my God.
(22)  For all His judgments were before me, and I did not put away His Precepts from me.
(23)  I was also upright before Him, and I kept myself from my iniquity.
(24)  And Jehovah has returned to me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands in His eyes.
(25)  With the merciful, You will show Yourself merciful; with an upright man You will show Yourself upright;
(26)  with the pure You will show Yourself pure; and with the crooked You will show Yourself perverse.
(27)  For You will save the afflicted people, but will bring down high looks.
(28)  For You will light my candle; Jehovah my God will make my darkness light.
(29)  For by You I have run through a troop; and by my God I have leaped over a wall.
(30)  As for God, His way is perfect; the Word of Jehovah is tried; He is a shield to all those who trust in Him.
(31)  For who is God besides Jehovah? Or, who is a Rock except our God?
(32)  It is God who girds me with strength and makes my way perfect.
(33)  He makes my feet like hinds’ feet, and sets me on my high places.
(34)  He teaches my hands to war, so that a bow of bronze is bent by my arms.
(35)  You have also given me the shield of Your salvation; and Your right hand has held me up, and Your gentleness has made me great.
(36)  You have given a wide place for my steps under me, so that my feet have not slipped.
(37)  I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them; nor did I turn again until they were destroyed.
(38)  I have shattered them, and they cannot rise again; they have fallen under my feet.
(39)  For You have girded me with strength for the battle; You have humbled under me those who rose up against me.
(40)  You have also given me the neck of my enemies; so that I might destroy those who hate me.
(41)  They cried, but there was none to save; even to Jehovah, but He did not answer them.
(42)  Then I beat them small as the dust before the wind; I cast them out like the dirt in the streets.
(43)  You have delivered Me from the strivings of the people; You have made Me the head of the nations; a people whom I have not known shall serve Me.
(44)  As soon as they hear of Me, they shall obey Me; the sons of strangers shall bow down to Me.
(45)  The sons of strangers shall fade away and be afraid out of their strongholds.
(46)  Jehovah lives; and blessed be my rock, and let the God of my salvation be praised.
(47)  It is God who avenges me, and humbles the people under me.
(48)  He delivers me from my enemies; yea, You lift me up above those who rise up against me; You have delivered me from the violent man.
(49)  Therefore I will give thanks to You, O Jehovah, among the nations, and sing praises to Your name,
(50)  magnifying the salvations to His king, and working mercy to His anointed, to David, and to his seed forevermore.

Psalm 19

(1)  To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the expanse proclaims His handiwork.
(2)  Day to day pours forth speech, and night to night reveals knowledge.
(3)  There is no speech nor are there words; their voice is not heard.
(4)  Their line has gone out through all the earth and their words to the end of the world. In them He has set a tabernacle for the sun,
(5)  and he comes forth as a bridegroom from his canopy; he rejoices as a strong man to run a race,
(6)  going forth from the end of the heavens, and its course is to their ends. And there is nothing hid from its heat.
(7)  The Law of Jehovah is perfect, converting the soul; the testimony of Jehovah is sure, making the simple wise.
(8)  The Precepts of Jehovah are right, rejoicing the heart; the Commandments of Jehovah are pure, giving light to the eyes.
(9)  The fear of Jehovah is clean, enduring forever; the judgments of Jehovah are true and righteous altogether,
(10)  more to be desired than gold, even much fine gold; sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
(11)  And Your servant is warned by them; in keeping them there is great reward.
(12)  Who can understand his errors? Oh make me pure from secret faults;
(13)  and keep Your servant back from presumptuous sins; do not let them rule over me; then I shall be upright, and I shall be innocent of great transgression.
(14)  Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be pleasing in Your sight, O Jehovah, my Rock and my Redeemer.


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Concordance of Psalms Cited in New Testament

Rough draft, but gives the flavor of how essential the Psalms were to New Testament thought.

These citations are not especially DIDACHE oriented; read the first several dozen Psalms in particular, which are posted here, to appreciate the consistency with which the ‘Two Ways’ dichotomy is reflected again and again in Psalm after Psalm.


Psa. 2.7; 8-9 


(Mat 3:17)  And behold! A voice out of the heaven saying, This is My Son, the Beloved, in whom I have been delighting. Psa. 2:7; Gen. 22:2; Isa. 42:1

(Mat 17:5)  While he was yet speaking, behold, a radiant cloud overshadowed them. And, behold, a voice out of the cloud saying, This is My Son, the Beloved, in whom I have been delighting; hear Him. Psa. 2:7; Gen. 22:2; Isa. 42:1; Deut. 18:15

(Mar 1:11)  And there was a voice out of the heavens, You are My Son, the Beloved, in whom I have been delighting. Psa. 2:7; Gen. 22:2; Isa. 42:1

(Mar 9:7)  And a cloud was overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My Son,” the Beloved; hear Him. Psa. 2:7; Gen. 22:2; Deut. 18:15

(Luk 3:22)  and the Holy Spirit came down in a bodily form as a dove upon Him. And there was a voice out of Heaven, saying, You are My Son, the Beloved; in You I have been delighting. Psa. 2:7; Gen 22:2; Isa. 42:1

(Luk 9:35)  And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is My Son, the Beloved; hear Him! Psa. 2:7; Isa. 42:1; Deut. 18:15

(Act 4:26)  The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were assembled on the same day against the Lord, yea, against His Christ.” Psa. 2:1, 2

(Act 13:33)  that this God has fulfilled to us, their children, raising up Jesus; as also it has been written in the second Psalm, “You are My Son, today I have begotten You.” Psa. 2:7

(2Pe 1:17)  For receiving honor and glory from God the Father such a voice being borne to Him from the magnificent glory, “This is My Son, the Beloved, in whom I have been delighted,” Psa. 2:7; Gen. 22:2; Isa. 42:1; Matt. 17:5

(Rev 2:27)  and “He will shepherd them with an iron staff” (they are “broken to pieces like clay vessels”), as I also have received from My Father. Psa. 2:8, 9


Psa. 6:8

(Mat 7:23)  And then I will declare to them, I never knew you; “depart from Me, those working lawlessness!” Psa. 6:8

((Luk 13:27)  And He will say, I tell you I do not know you, from where you are. “Stand back from Me all workers of unrighteousness!” Psa. 6:8

COMMENT: the LXX has ‘anomia’ (lawlessness) as does Matthew; nevertheless, Luke prefers ‘adikia’ (waywardness).  I suspect Luke altered Matthew to downplay the allusion to lawlessness, in order to support Paulianity against the DIDACHE.


LXX-Psa. 8:3; MT-Psa. 8:2

(Mat 21:16)  And they said to Him, Do you hear what these say? And Jesus said to them, Yes. Did you never read, “Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings You have perfected praise?” LXX-Psa. 8:3; MT-Psa. 8:2


Psa. 9:8

(Act 17:31)  because He set a day in which “He is going to judge the habitable world in righteousness,” by a Man whom He appointed; having given proof to all by raising Him from the dead. Psa. 9:8


LXX-Psa. 15:8-11; MT-Psa. 16:8-11

(Act 2:28)  You revealed to Me paths of life; You will fill Me with joy with Your face.” LXX-Psa. 15:8-11; MT-Psa. 16:8-11

(Act 2:31)  foreseeing, he spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, “that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption.” LXX-Psa. 15:10; Mt-Psa. 16:10


(Act 13:35)  So He also said in another, “You will not give Your Holy One to see corruption.” LXX-Psa. 15:10; MT-Psa. 16:10


Psa. 22: 1; 18


(Mar 15:34)  And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? (Which being translated is, “My God, My God, why did You forsake Me?”) Psa. 22:1

(Mar 15:24)  And having crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting a lot on them, who and what each should take. Psa. 22:18

(Mat 27:35)  And having crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting a lot, that might be fulfilled that spoken by the prophet, “They divided My garments to themselves, and they cast a lot over My clothing.” Psa. 22:18

(Mat 27:46)  And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani; that is, “My God, My God, why did You forsake Me?” Psa. 22:1

(Luk 23:34)  And Jesus said, Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing. And dividing His garments, they cast a lot. Psa. 22:18

(Joh 19:24)  Then they said to one another, Let us not tear it, but let us cast lots about it, whose it will be (that the Scripture might be fulfilled which said, “They divided My garments among them,” and “they threw a lot for My garment.” Then indeed the soldiers did these things. LXX-Psa. 21:19; MT-Psa. 22:18 )


LXX-Psa. 33:13-17; MT-Psa. 34:12-16

(1Pe 3:12)  because the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and His ears open to their prayer. But the face of the Lord is against any doing evil things.” LXX-Psa. 33:13-17; MT-Psa. 34:12-16


Psa. 31:5

(Luk 23:46)  And crying with a loud voice, Jesus said, Father, “into Your hands I commit My spirit.” And saying this, He breathed out the spirit. Psa. 31:5


Psa. 34:20

(Joh 19:36)  For these things happened that the Scripture might be fulfilled, “Not a bone of Him shall be broken.” Ex. 12:46; Psa. 34:20

(1Pe 2:3)  if indeed you “tasted” “that the Lord is good;” LXX-Psa. 33:9; MT-Psa. 34:8


Psa. 37:11

(Mat 5:5)  Blessed are the meek! For they shall inherit the earth. Psa. 37:11


LXX-Isa. 44:28

(Act 13:22)  And removing him, He raised up to them David for a king, to whom He also said, witnessing, “I found David” the son of Jesse “to be a man according to My own heart, who will do all My will.” 1 Samuel 13:14; Psa. 89:20; LXX-Isa. 44:28


Psa. 48:2


(Mat 5:35)  nor by the earth, because it is the footstool of His feet; nor by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King. Isa. 66:1; Psa. 48:2


LXX-Psa. 54:23; MT-Psa. 55:22

(1Pe 5:7)  “casting all your anxiety onto Him,” because it matters to Him concerning you. LXX-Psa. 54:23; MT-Psa. 55:22



LXX-Psa. 54:23; MT-Psa. 55:22


(1Pe 5:7)  “casting all your anxiety onto Him,” because it matters to Him concerning you. LXX-Psa. 54:23; MT-Psa. 55:22


LXX-Psa. 66:3; MT-Psa. 67:2

(Act 28:28)  Then let it be known to you that the salvation of God was sent to the nations, and they will hear.


LXX-Psa. 61:13; Pro. 24:12; MT-Psa. 62:12

(Mat 16:27)  For the Son of Man is about to come with His angels in the glory of His Father. And then “He will give reward to each according to his practice.” LXX-Psa. 61:13; Pro. 24:12; MT-Psa. 62:12

Psa. 69:21


(Act 1:20)  For it has been written in the scroll of Psalms, Let his estate become forsaken, and he not be living in it. And, “Let another take his overseership.” LXX-Psa. 68:26; Psa. 108:8; MT-Psa. 69:25; Psa. 109:8 (

Mat 27:48)  And at once, one of them running and taking a sponge, and filling it with “vinegar,” put it on a reed and “gave drink to Him.” Psa. 69:21

(Joh 15:25)  But that may be fulfilled the Word that has been written in their Law, “They hated Me undeservedly.” Psa. 69:4

(Joh 19:29)  Then a vessel full of vinegar was set, and having filled a sponge with vinegar, and putting hyssop around, they brought it to His mouth. Psa. 69:21

(Mar 15:36)  And one running up, and filling a sponge with “vinegar,” and putting it on a reed, “gave Him to drink.” But they said, Leave alone, let us see if Elijah comes to take Him down. Psa. 69:21

(Joh 2:17)  And His disciples remembered that it was written, “The zeal of Your house has consumed Me.” Psa. 69:9


Psa. 78:2

(Mat 13:35)  so that was fulfilled that spoken through the prophet, saying: “I will open My mouth in parables; I will speak out things hidden from the foundation of the world.” Psa. 78:2

(Joh 6:31)  Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, as it is written “He gave them bread out of Heaven to eat.” LXX-Psa. 77:24; MT-Psa. 78:24


Psa. 82:6

(Joh 10:34)  Jesus answered them, Has it not been written in your Law, “I said, you are gods”? Psa. 82:6



Psa. 89:20

(Act 13:22)  And removing him, He raised up to them David for a king, to whom He also said, witnessing, “I found David” the son of Jesse “to be a man according to My own heart, who will do all My will.” 1 Samuel 13:14; Psa. 89:20; LXX-Isa. 44:28


Psa. 90:11 (91:11-12)

(Mat 4:6)  And he said to Him, If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down; for it has been written: “He shall give His angels charge concerning You, and they shall bear You on their hands, lest You strike Your foot against a stone.” LXX-Psa. 90:11, 12; MT-Psa. 91:11, 12

Luk 4:11)  “that on their hands they shall bear You, that you not strike Your foot against a stone.” LXX-Psa. 90:11, 12; MT-Psa. 91:11, 12

(2Pe 3:8)  But let not this one thing be hidden from you, beloved, that one day with the Lord is “as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.” Psa. 90:4


LXX-Psa. 109:1; MT-Psa. 110:1

(Mat 22:44)  “The Lord said to my Lord, Sit off My right until I should put Your hostile ones as a footstool for Your feet?” LXX-Psa. 109:1; MT-Psa. 110:1

(Mat 26:64)  Jesus said to him, You said it. I tell you more. From this time you shall see the Son of Man sitting off the right hand of power, and coming on the clouds of the heaven. Psa. 110:1; Dan. 7:13

(Act 1:20)  For it has been written in the scroll of Psalms, Let his estate become forsaken, and he not be living in it. And, “Let another take his overseership.” LXX-Psa. 68:26; Psa. 108:8; MT-Psa. 69:25; Psa. 109:8

(Act 1:20)  For it has been written in the scroll of Psalms, Let his estate become forsaken, and he not be living in it. And, “Let another take his overseership.” LXX-Psa. 68:26; Psa. 108:8; MT-Psa. 69:25; Psa. 109:8


(Mar 12:36)  For David himself said by the Holy Spirit, “The Lord said to my Lord, Sit off My right until I place Your enemies as a footstool for Your feet.” LXX-Psa. 109:1; MT-Psa. 110:1

(Mar 14:62)  And Jesus said, I AM! And you will see the Son of Man sitting off the right hand of power, and coming with the clouds of the heaven. Psa. 110:1; Dan. 7:13

(Act 2:35)  until I place those hostile to You as a footstool for Your feet.” LXX-Psa. 109:1; MT-Psa. 110:1



(Mar 16:19)  Then indeed, after speaking to them, the Lord was taken up into Heaven, and sat off the right of God. Psa. 110:1

(Luk 20:43)  until I place the ones hostile to You as a footstool of Your feet.” LXX-Psa. 109:1; MT-Psa. 110:1

(Luk 22:69)  From now on the Son of Man will be sitting at the right of the power of God. Psa. 110:1



Psa. 103:17

(Luk 1:50)  And His mercy is to generations of generations to those fearing Him. Psa. 103:17

(Jas 5:11)  Behold, we call those blessed who endure. You have heard of the patience of Job, and you saw the end of the Lord, “that the Lord is full of tender mercy and pity.” Psa. 103:8


Psa. 115:4 -7; 135:15-17


(Rev 9:20)  And the rest of men, those not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, that they will not worship demons, and “golden idols, and silver, and bronze, and stone, and wooden idols, which neither are able to see, nor to hear,” nor to walk. Dan. 5:23; Psa. 115:4 -7; 135:15-17


Psa. 118:26


(Mat 21:9)  And the crowd, the ones going before and the ones following, were crying out, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David! “Blessed is He coming in the name of the Lord”! Hosanna in the highest! Psa. 118:26

(Mat 23:39)  For I say to you, In no way shall you see Me from now on, until you say, “Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord.” Psa. 118:26

(Joh 12:13)  took palm branches and went out to a meeting with Him, and they were crying out, Hosanna! “Being blessed is the One coming in the name of the Lord, the King of Israel!” Psa. 118:26

(Mar 11:9)  And those going before, and those following after, were crying out, saying, Hosanna! “Blessed is the One coming in the name of the Lord!” Psa. 118:26

(Luk 13:35)  Behold, “your house is left” to you “desolate”. Jer. 22:5 And truly I say to you, You shall not at all see Me until it comes when you say, “Blessed is the One coming in the name of the Lord.” Psa. 118:26

(Luk 19:38)  saying, “Blessed is the One coming in the name of the Lord,” the King. Peace in Heaven, and glory in the highest! Psa. 118:26

(Luk 20:17)  And looking at them He said, What then is this which has been written, “The stone that the builders rejected, this one came to be for the Head of the Corner”? Psa. 118:22

(Joh 12:13)  took palm branches and went out to a meeting with Him, and they were crying out, Hosanna! “Being blessed is the One coming in the name of the Lord, the King of Israel!” Psa. 118:26

(Act 4:11)  This One is the Stone counted worthless by you the builders, the One who has come to be into the Head of the Corner; Psa. 118:22



Psa. 132:11

(Act 2:30)  Being a prophet, then, and knowing that God swore with an oath to him that of the fruit of his loin, as concerning flesh, to raise the Christ to sit on his throne, see Psa. 132:11




(Rom 2:6)  He “will give to each according to his works:” LXX-Psa. 61:13; MT-Psa. 62:12

(Rom 3:4)  Let it not be! But let God be true, and every man a liar; even as it has been written, “That You should be justified in Your words, and will overcome in Your being judged.” LXX-Psa. 50:6; MT-Psa. 51:4

(Rom 3:12)  All turned away, they became worthless together, not one is doing goodness, not so much as one!” LXX-Psa. 13:1-3

(Rom 3:18)  there is no fear of God before their eyes.” LXX-Psa. 5:10; 139:4; 9:28; Isa. 59:7, 8; Psa. 35:2; MT-Psa. 14:1-3; 5:9; 140:3; 10:7; Isa. 59:7, 8; Psa. 36:1

(Rom 3:20)  Because by works of Law not one of all flesh will be justified before Him, for through Law is full knowledge of sin. Psa. 143:2

(Rom 4:8)  blessed the man to whom the Lord will in no way charge sin.” LXX-Psa. 31:1, 2; MT-Psa. 32:1, 2

(Rom 8:36)  Even as it has been written, “For Your sake we are killed all the day; we are counted as sheep of slaughter.” Psa. 44:22

(Rom 10:18)  But I say, Did they not hear? Yes, rather, “into all the earth their voice went out, and to the ends of the world their words.” LXX-Psa. 18:5; MT-Psa. 19:4

(Rom 11:2)  “God did not thrust away His people” whom He foreknew. Psa. 94:14 Or do you not know what the Scripture said in Elijah, how he pleaded with God against Israel, saying,

(Rom 11:10)  “let their eyes be darkened, not to see, and their back always bowing.” LXX-68:23, 24; MT-Psa. 69:22, 23

(Rom 15:3)  For also Christ did not please Himself, but even as it has been written, “The curses of those cursing You fell on Me.” LXX-Psa. 68:10; MT-Psa. 69:9

(Rom 15:9)  and for the nations to glorify God for mercy, even as it has been written, “Because of this I will confess to You in the nations, and I will give praise to Your name.” Psa. 18:49

(Rom 15:11)  And again, “Praise the Lord, all the nations, and praise Him all the peoples.” Psa. 117:1


(1Co 3:20)  And again, “The Lord knows the reasonings of the wise, that they are worthless.” LXX-Psa. 93:11; MT-Psa. 94:11

(1Co 10:26)  for “the earth is the Lord’s, and the fullness of it.” Psa. 24:1

(1Co 10:28)  But if anyone tells you, This is slain in sacrifice to idols, do not eat, because of that one pointing it out, and the conscience; for “the earth is the Lord’s, and the fullness of it.” Psa. 24:1

(1Co 15:25)  For it is right for Him to reign until He puts all the hostile ones under His feet; Psa. 110:1

(1Co 15:27)  For “He subjected all things under His feet;” but when He says that all things have been subjected, it is plain that it excepts Him who has subjected all things to Him. Psa. 8:6

(2Co 4:13)  But having the same spirit of faith, according to what has been written, “I believed, therefore I spoke,” we also believe, therefore we also speak, LXX-Psa. 115:1; MT-Psa. 116:10

(2Co 9:9)  even as it has been written, “He scattered, he gave to the poor, his righteousness abides forever.” Psa. 112:9


(Gal 2:16)  knowing that a man is not justified by works of Law, but that it is through faith in Jesus Christ (we also believed into Christ Jesus, that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of Law, because all flesh will not be justified by works of Law). Psa. 123:2


(Eph 1:20)  which He worked in Christ in raising Him from the dead; yea, He seated Him at His right hand in the heavenlies, Psa. 110:1

(Eph 1:22)  and He “put all things under His feet” and gave Him to be Head over all things to the assembly, Psa. 8:6

(Eph 4:8)  Because of this, He says, “Having gone up on high, He led captivity captive,” and gave “gifts to men.” Psa. 68:18

(Eph 4:26)  “Be angry but do not sin;” do not let the sun go down on your wrath, LXX-Psa. 4:4; MT-Psa. 4:5

(Col 3:1)  If, then, you were raised with Christ, seek the things above, where Christ is sitting at the right of God; Psa. 110:1

(2Ti 4:14)  Alexander the coppersmith showed many evil things to me. The Lord “will give back to him according to his works.” LXX-Psa. 61:13; Prov. 24:12; MT-Psa. 62:12

(Tit 2:14)  who gave Himself on our behalf, “that He might redeem us from all lawlessness and purify a special people for Himself,” zealous of good works. Psa. 130:8; Eze. 37:23; Deut. 14:2

(Heb 1:3)  who being the shining splendor of His glory, and the express image of His essence, and upholding all things by the Word of His power, having made purification of our sins through Himself, He sat down on the right of the Majesty on high, Psa. 110:1

(Heb 1:7)  And as to the angels, He said, “Who makes His angels spirits, and His ministers a flame of fire;” LXX-Psa. 103:4; MT-Psa. 104:4

(Heb 1:9)  You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; because of this God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness beside Your fellows.” Psa. 45:6, 7

(Heb 1:12)  and You shall fold them up like a covering, and they shall be changed. But You are the same, and Your years shall not fail.” LXX-Psa. 101:26-28; MT-Psa. 102:25-27

(Heb 1:13)  But to which of the angels did He ever say, “Sit at My right hand until I place Your enemies as a footstool of Your feet?” LXX-Psa. 109:1; MT-Psa. 110:1

(Heb 2:8)  You subjected all things under his feet.” Psa. 8:4-6 For in order to subject all things under him, He left nothing not subjected to him. But now we do not yet see all things being subject to him;

(Heb 2:12)  saying, “I will announce Your name to My brothers; I will hymn to You in the midst of the assembly.” Psa. 22:22

(Heb 3:18)  And to whom did “He swear” “they would not enter into His rest,” except to those not obeying? LXX-Psa. 94:11; MT-Psa. 95:11

(Heb 4:3)  For we, the ones believing, enter into the rest, even as He said, “As I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter into My rest,” though the works had come into being from the foundation of the world. LXX-Psa. 94:11; MT-Psa. 95:11

(Heb 4:10)  For he entering into His rest, he himself also rested from his works, as God had rested from His own. LXX-Psa. 95:11; Gen. 2:2

(Heb 5:5)  So also the Christ has not glorified Himself to become a high priest, but He speaking to Him, “You are My Son; today I have begotten You.” Psa. 2:7

(Heb 5:6)  As He also says in another place, “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek,” Psa. 110:4

(Heb 7:17)  For it is testified, “You are a priest to the age according to the order of Melchizedek.” Psa. 110:4

(Heb 8:1)  Now a summary over the things being said: We have such a High Priest, who sat down on the right of the throne of the Majesty in Heaven, Psa. 110:1

(Heb 10:7)  “Then I said, Lo, I come, in the heading of the Book it was written concerning Me, to do Your will, O God.” LXX-Psa. 39:7 -9; MT-Psa. 40:6 -8

(Heb 10:13)  from then on expecting “until His enemies are placed as a footstool” of His feet. Psa. 110:1

(Heb 12:2)  looking to the Author and Finisher of our faith, Jesus, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, “and sat down at the right” of the throne of God. Psa. 110:1

(Heb 13:6)  So that we may boldly say, “The Lord is my helper, and I will not be afraid. What shall man do to me?” LXX-Psa. 117:6; MT-Psa. 118:6

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Psalms 1-9

Psalm 1
(1)  Blessed is the man who has not walked in the counsel of the ungodly, and has not stood in the way of sinners, and has not sat in the seat of the scornful.
(2)  But his delight is only in the Law of Jehovah; and in His Law he meditates day and night.
(3)  And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivulets of water that brings forth its fruit in its seasons, and its leaf shall not wither, and all which he does shall be blessed.
(4)  The wicked are not so, but are like chaff which the wind drives away.
(5)  Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.
(6)  For Jehovah knows the way of the righteous; but the way of the ungodly shall perish.

Psalm 2
(1)  Why do the nations rage, and the peoples meditate on a vain thing?
(2)  The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers plot together, against Jehovah and against His anointed, saying,
(3)  Let us break their bands in two and cast away their cords from us.
(4)  He who sits in the heavens shall laugh; Jehovah shall mock at them.
(5)  Then He shall speak to them in His anger, and trouble them in His wrath.
(6)  Yea, I have set My king on My holy hill, on Zion.
(7)  I will declare the decree of Jehovah. He has said to Me, You are My Son; today I have begotten You.
(8)  Ask of Me, and I shall give the nations for Your inheritance; and the uttermost parts of the earth for Your possession.
(9)  You shall break them with a rod of iron; You shall dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.
(10)  And now be wise, O kings; be instructed, O judges of the earth.
(11)  Serve Jehovah with fear, and rejoice with trembling.
(12)  Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, and you perish from the way, when His wrath is kindled in but a little time. Blessed are all who put their trust in Him.

Psalm 3
(1)  A Psalm of David, when he fled from his son Absalom. O Lord, how my foes have increased! Many are the ones who rise up against me.
(2)  Many are saying of my soul, There is no deliverance for him in God. Selah.
(3)  But You, O Jehovah, are a shield for me; my glory, the One who lifts up my head.
(4)  I cried to Jehovah with my voice, and He heard me out of His holy hill. Selah.
(5)  I laid down and slept. I awoke, for Jehovah kept me.
(6)  I am not afraid of ten thousands of people who have set against me all around.
(7)  Arise, O Jehovah; save me, O my God; for You have struck all my enemies on the cheekbone. You have broken the teeth of the ungodly.
(8)  Salvation belongs to Jehovah. Your blessing is on Your people. Selah.


Psalm 4
(1)  To the Chief Musician, for stringed instruments. A Psalm of David. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness; You gave room to me in trouble; have mercy on me, and hear my prayer.
(2)  O sons of men, how long will you turn My glory into shame? Will you love vanity and seek after a lie? Selah.
(3)  But know that Jehovah has set apart the godly for Himself. Jehovah hears when I call to Him.
(4)  Tremble, and sin not; speak within your own heart on your bed and be still. Selah.
(5)  Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and trust in Jehovah.
(6)  There are many who say, Who will show us any good? Jehovah, lift up the light of Your face on us.
(7)  You have put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their grain and their wine increased.
(8)  I will lie down, both in peace and in sleep. For You alone, Jehovah, make me dwell in safety.

Psalm 5
(1)  To the Chief Musician, for flutes. A Psalm of David. Give ear to my words, O Jehovah; consider my meditation.
(2)  Listen to the voice of my cry, my King and my God; for to You I will pray.
(3)  My voice You shall hear in the morning, O Jehovah; in the morning I will direct my prayer to You, and I will look up.
(4)  For You are not a God that enjoys wickedness; nor shall evil dwell with You.
(5)  The foolish shall not stand in Your sight. You hate all doers of iniquity.
(6)  You shall destroy those who speak lies; Jehovah will despise the bloody and deceitful man.
(7)  But I, in the abundance of Your grace, I will come into Your house; I will worship in Your fear toward Your holy temple.
(8)  Lead me, O Jehovah, in Your righteousness, because of my enemies; make Your way straight before my face.
(9)  For there is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part is wickedness; their throat is an open grave; they flatter with their tongue.
(10)  Hold them guilty, O God; let them fall by their own counsels; cast them out in the multitude of their transgressions, for they have rebelled against You.
(11)  But let all who put their trust in You rejoice; let them always shout for joy, because You defend them. And let those who love Your name be joyful in You.
(12)  For You; O Jehovah, will bless the righteous; with favor You will surround him as with a shield.

Psalm 6
(1)  To the Chief Musician, for eight-stringed instruments. A Psalm of David. O Jehovah, rebuke me not in Your anger, nor chasten me in the heat of Your fury.
(2)  Have mercy on me, O Jehovah, for I am weak; O Jehovah, heal me, for my bones are troubled.
(3)  My soul also is exceedingly troubled; but You, O Jehovah, how long?
(4)  Return, O Jehovah, return; deliver my soul; save me for Your mercy’s sake.
(5)  For in death there is no memory of You; in the grave who shall give You thanks?
(6)  I am weary in my groaning; all the night I make my bed swim; I melt my couch with my tears.
(7)  My eye is dim because of grief; it wastes away because of all my enemies.
(8)  Depart from me, all workers of iniquity; for Jehovah has heard the voice of my weeping.
(9)  Jehovah has heard my cry; Jehovah will receive my prayer.
(10)  Let all my enemies be ashamed and exceedingly troubled; let them turn back and be ashamed in a moment.

Psalm 7
(1)  A song of David, which he sang to Jehovah, concerning the words of Cush the Benjamite. O Jehovah my God, in You I put my trust; save me from all who pursue me, and deliver me,
(2)  lest he tear my soul like a lion, tearing it in pieces, and there is no one to deliver.
(3)  O Jehovah my God, if I have done this; if there is iniquity in my hands;
(4)  if I have rewarded evil to my friend, or if I have delivered one oppressing me without cause;
(5)  let the enemy persecute my soul and take it; yea, let him trample down my life on the earth and lay my honor in the dust. Selah.
(6)  Arise, O Jehovah, in Your anger; lift up Yourself because of the rage of my enemies, and awake for me to the judgment which You have commanded.
(7)  And the congregation of the peoples shall surround You; and over it You will return on high.
(8)  Jehovah shall judge the people; judge me, O Jehovah, according to my righteousness, and according to my integrity on me.
(9)  O let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end, but establish the just. For the righteous God tries the minds and hearts.
(10)  My defense is from God, who saves the upright in heart.
(11)  God judges the righteous, and God is angry with the wicked every day.
(12)  If he does not turn, He will whet His sword; He has bent His bow and made it ready.
(13)  Yea, He has fitted him for instruments of death; He has made His arrows hotly pursue.
(14)  Behold, he labors in pain with iniquity, and he has conceived mischief, and has brought forth falsehood.
(15)  He dug a pit and bored it, and has fallen into the ditch which he made.
(16)  His mischief shall return on his own head, and his violence shall come on his own crown.
(17)  I will praise Jehovah according to His righteousness, and will sing praise to the name of Jehovah most high.

Psalm 8
(1)  To the Chief Musician, on the harp. A Psalm of David. O Jehovah our Lord, how excellent is Your name in all the earth! You have set Your glory above the heavens!
(2)  Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings You have ordained strength, because of ones vexing You, to cause the enemy and the avenger to cease.
(3)  When I look at Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, the moon and the stars which You have established;
(4)  what is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man, that You visit him?
(5)  For You have made him lack a little from God, and have crowned him with glory and honor.
(6)  You made him rule over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet:
(7)  all sheep and oxen, yes, and the beasts of the field;
(8)  the birds of the heavens, and the fish of the sea, and all that pass through the paths of the seas.
(9)  O Jehovah, our Lord, how excellent is Your name in all the earth!

Psalm 9
(1)  To the Chief Musician. To die for the Son. A Psalm of David. I will praise You, O Jehovah, with my whole heart; I will tell of all Your marvelous works.
(2)  I will be glad and rejoice in You; I will sing praise to Your name, O Most High.
(3)  When my enemies have turned back, they shall fall and perish before You.
(4)  For You have maintained my right and my cause; You sat in the throne judging right.
(5)  You have rebuked the heathen, You have destroyed the wicked, You have put out their name forever and ever.
(6)  The desolations of the enemy have come to an end forever, and You have destroyed the cities; their memorial has perished with them.
(7)  But Jehovah shall endure forever; He has prepared His throne for judgment.
(8)  And He shall judge the world in righteousness; He shall judge the peoples in uprightness.
(9)  Jehovah also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble.
(10)  And those who know Your name will put their trust in You; for You, Jehovah, have not forsaken those who seek You.
(11)  Sing praises to Jehovah, who dwells in Zion; declare among the nations His deeds.
(12)  For He remembers them, the seekers of bloodshed; He forgets not the cry of the humble.
(13)  Have mercy on me, O Jehovah; see my trouble from those who hate me, You who lift me up from the gates of death,
(14)  so that I may declare all Your praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion; I will rejoice in Your salvation.
(15)  The nations have sunk down in the pit that they made; their foot is caught in the net which they hid.
(16)  Jehovah is known. He has executed judgment; the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. A meditation. Selah.
(17)  The wicked shall be turned into hell, all the nations that forget God.
(18)  For the needy shall not always be forgotten; the hope of the poor shall not perish forever.
(19)  Arise, O Jehovah; let not man be strong. Let the nations be judged in Your sight.
(20)  Put them in fear, O Jehovah, let the nations know they are but men. Selah.

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